The map above shows the county level and vote share results of the 2020 US Presidential Election. The darker the blue the more a county went for Joe Biden and the darker the red the more the county went for Donald Trump.
You can see how it compares to the 2016 map here.
While overall the map doesn’t look too dissimilar from 2016, the results in many ways couldn’t be more different. First and foremost Biden won whereas Clinton lost.
Moreover, as of December 2nd, 2020 Biden had received 15 million more votes than Clinton and 18 million more votes than Trump did in 2016. However, Trump also did better in 2020 than 2016 winning 11 million more votes than he did 4 years earlier, and 8 million more than Clinton did that year.
The difference of course is primarily down to the enormous increase in voter turnout 66.9% in 2020 vs just 55.7% in 2016.
This means Biden won 306 electoral college votes compared to 232 for Trump an almost complete switch from 2016 where he won 304 electoral college votes to 227 for Clinton (there were 7 faithless electors in 2016).
However, in terms of geography the pattern from 2016 largely remained the same. Biden won the majority of the people, Trump won the majority of the land.
According to NPR: “In 2020, just 77 counties total have flipped so far, and Biden won 59 of them.”
And according to the Brookings Institute: “Biden-voting counties equal 70% of America’s economy.”
Overall, at the time of writing Biden has won 477 counties, Trump has won 2,497 counties with 110 still outstanding.
This means Biden will have won the the presidency with the fewest counties (Obama won 689 in 2012), but also the largest number of votes in history.
This is part of a long-term trend where the Democrats are more and more concentrated geographically.
This would not be a problem for them if the presidency were decided by poplar vote. But the Electoral College favours small states at the expense of big ones, which means they are facing an increasingly difficult structural challenge.
This is a problem both for presidential elections and for hopes of regaining control in the Senate.
If you enjoyed this map you may also be interested in: If “Did Not Vote” Had Been A Candidate In The 2020 US Presidential Election